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Environmental Protection Programme

Aeroflot is committed to environmental protection, environmental safety, and sustainable use of natural resources. The Company’s management is responsible for compliance with laws and other requirements applicable to environmental aspects of Aeroflot’s operations.

Governed by the precautionary principle, PJSC Aeroflot seeks to prevent any potential environmental harm even where there is no definitive science to prove that any particular activity is harmful to the environment. The Company strives to preserve natural resources and, therefore, carries out environmental risk assessments and implements a number of environmental activities to prevent or minimise adverse environmental impacts.

PJSC Aeroflot’s environmental policy is aimed at improving the energy efficiency and environmental performance of its operations related to air transportation of passengers, baggage, cargo, and mail. The key focus of this policy is on improving fuel efficiency of the Group’s aircraft fleet, which helps reduce its environmental footprint while at the same time cutting fuel costs, a major contributor to overall operating expenses.

To achieve its environmental policy objectives, PJSC Aeroflot:

  • maintains an environmental management system;
  • monitors and analyses its operations and operational processes to identify new opportunities to improve environmental performance;
  • improves energy efficiency of its operations;
  • manages waste with a focus on recycling as the most effective method of waste disposal;
  • upgrades its aircraft fleet;
  • optimises the route network and rolls out new piloting techniques to reduce noise pollution and cut emissions from aircraft engines;
  • selects suppliers based on their environmental performance;
  • raises environmental awareness and promotes waste efficiency among employees.

Total environmental protection costs

Quality Management System

PJSC Aeroflot has in place an integrated management system, the efficiency and effectiveness of which is regularly confirmed by independent external auditors.

The core integration platform for the Company’s management framework is its quality management system (“QMS”), which for many years has successfully passed certification audits under ISO 9001 (Quality Management Systems) and registrations under IATA’s industry programmes (IOSA – Operational Safety Audit, ISAGO – Safety Audit for Ground Operations).

Aeroflot Group’s efforts to improve its QMS are aligned with activities to further improve the assessment framework for KPI-based evaluation of performance and progress on the implementation of internal and external QMS standards applied both by IATA and SkyTeam, and Aeroflot Group. In particular, all our subsidiaries successfully pass regular IATA – IOSA operational safety audits and demonstrate strong safety and quality levels.

PJSC Aeroflot is committed to further develop and improve its QMS through driving innovation in management, improvement and optimisation of internal processes.

In 2016, as part of supervision of Aeroflot Group airlines’ preparations for IOSA compliance certification audits, PJSC Aeroflot’s experts provided advisory support and auditing services to Aurora airline. Non-compliances revealed by the audit were promptly remedied, allowing the airline to successfully pass the independent IOSA certification audit.

To minimise vendor inspection costs across the route network, PJSC Aeroflot maintains membership of the following IATA pools:

  • IFQP (IATA Fuel Quality Pool),
  • DAQCP (De-Icing/Anti-Icing Quality Control Pool), and
  • ISAGO (IATA Safety Audit for Ground Operations Pool).

As part of the activities carried by the above pools, during the year, the airline’s employees conducted a number of vendor audits and follow-up assessments to verify the completeness and adequacy of corrective actions, thus ensuring supplier operations monitoring across the route network. The Company’s relevant committees and business units have developed and are implementing risk mitigation actions to address all identified risks.

In 2016, PJSC Aeroflot’s integrated environmental management system successfully passed an external compliance audit. The audit was carried out by TÜV SÜD Russia, a branch of the world’s leading certification agency, and looked at compliance with ISO 9001:2008 (Quality Management Systems) and ISO 14001:2004 (Environmental Management Systems). The purpose of such comprehensive audits is to obtain independent assurance of compliance and an objective assessment of the efficiency and effectiveness of actual integration of the airline’s Quality Management and Environmental Management Systems within its unified corporate governance structure.

The compliance audit revealed no instances of non-compliance and confirmed that PJSC Aeroflot’s integrated management system met the international standards ISO 9001 and ISO 14001. The auditor also made recommendations and highlighted areas to improve the management systems, which the airline will take into account in its future operations.

Fuel Efficiency

During 2016, to mitigate environmental impacts and achieve other objectives, the Group’s airlines continued implementing existing programmes to improve fuel efficiency and shift to more advanced aircraft.

Fuel-efficiency initiatives at Group airlines focus on:

  • analysis of route options to select the best flight routes between destination and departure airports;
  • optimisation of fuel consumption during ignition and taxiing;
  • use of optimal approach and landing procedures;
  • minimising the variance between the projected and actual revenue loads in departure airports;
  • centre-of-gravity control;
  • optimal use of airborne auxiliary power;
  • use of ground systems for pre-flight air conditioning of aircraft cockpit and cabins;
  • improving aircraft aerodynamics through quality, full aircraft surface washing;
  • improving aircraft engine efficiency through gas/ air duct cleaning;
  • reducing fuel consumption through monitoring and reduction of water supplies on-board; use of updated weight estimates for kitchen equipment and in-flight meals.

Over the past five years, specific fuel consumption across Aeroflot Group decreased by 9.1% to 286.4 grammes per tonne-kilometre (TKM) in 2016.

Throughout 2016, efforts were taken to implement the roll-out plan for a fuel and lubricant cost reduction system covering the fleets of specialpurpose vehicles operated by PJSC Aeroflot and its subsidiary airlines.

For energy consumption by Aeroflot Group airlines in 2016 see Appendix to this Annual Report.

Air Quality Initiatives

Aeroflot Group has in place a СО2-emissions monitoring and measuring system to ensure compliance with Russian and European requirements for monitoring, reporting and verification of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. This system is in particular used at Aeroflot and Rossiya airlines.

СО2 emissions are fully monitored and recorded throughout the route network in line with the methodology adopted by the EU Emissions Trading System (EU ETS) and the national system for monitoring, reporting and verification of GHG emissions.

The Company takes efforts to reduceСО2 emissions under its Fuel Efficiency Programme and the Energy Saving and Environmental Performance Programme until 2020.

PJSC Aeroflot direct GHG emissions

Aeroflot airline’s entire fleet complies with ICAO standards for noise levels and atmospheric pollution. To reduce the environmental impact of ground vehicles the Group’s airlines carry out regular finetuning of instrumental controls and fuel system to ensure compliance with permitted toxicity and smoke levels.

As part of the Carbon Offset Programme, PJSC Aeroflot has introduced an Online СО2 Emissions Calculator developed in line with the best industry practices and using ICAO and IATA methodologies.

The Online СО2 Emissions Calculator is currently available on Aeroflot’s official website to give passengers an idea of their individual carbon footprint for the journey as they select their flight. Going forward, this environmental initiative will give passengers an opportunity to offset their carbon footprint by donating to green projects focused on reducing GHG emissions (tree planting, protection of forests against bark beetles, clean energy initiatives, clean-ups of water bodies, etc.).

In 2016, the Company took part in testing DAO IPCI platform, designed with support from Microsoft. The platform records green projects, commitments and reductions and is based on smart contracts and blockchain technology, giving each passenger a chance to offset his/her carbon footprint as per the Online СО2 Emissions Calculator.

Water Resource Management

In the reporting year, PJSC Aeroflot set up a framework to monitor the quantity and quality of waste water discharged by Melkisarovo office building treatment facilities. A total of 316 treated waste water samples were tested. The results suggest that all relevant standards are met.

The water protection and water resource management activities to monitor the morphometric characteristics of the Klyazma River enabled the Company to successfully secure a relevant official Decision to Grant a Water Body for Use and obtain a Permit for Wastewater Discharges.

Water consumption by PJSC Aeroflot

2015 2016
Total: 22.0 24.1
from public water supply network 22.0 24.1

Water discharge by PJSC Aeroflot

2015 2016
Total: 19.4 19.3
including: treated water (surface drains from the site of the office building complex, facilities and structures) 2.2 1.2
passed to other companies for treatment (sewage) 17.1 18.1

Reduced Generation and Disposal of Production and Consumption Waste

Consistent efforts to reduce production and consumption waste disposed to landfills and grow the share of recycled waste sent for disposal to specialist recyclers are among PJSC Aeroflot’s environmental priorities. In 2016, 73.3% of the total waste generated by PJSC Aeroflot were recycled.

Throughout 2016, PJSC Aeroflot regularly inspected waste storage sites and maintained monthly records of generation and movement of production and consumption waste across its business units.

Total waste of PJSC Aeroflot by hazard class

2015 2016
Total: 21,385.9 23,127.5
including: hazard class 1 2.2 3.9
hazard class 2 1.4 4.8
hazard class 3 2,448.5 2,508.3
hazard class 4 18,528.3 19,918.5
hazard class 5 405.5 692

Waste of PJSC Aeroflot by disposal method

2015 2016
Recycled (transferred for recycling) 2,066.6 250.6
Landfilled 7,138.4 6,164.0
Other disposal method (transferred for neutralisation) 12,180.9 16,713.0

PJSC Aeroflot collects and recycles de-icing fluid used for treatment of own aircraft and aircraft operated by other airlines.

Environmental Fees

In accordance with the applicable environmental laws, PJSC Aeroflot pays fees for negative environmental impacts from its business operations.

Environmental fees totalled RUB 3.6 million in 2016.

No fines or non-monetary penalties for non-compliance with the applicable environmental laws were imposed on the Company in 2016.

Total environmental fees paid by PJSC Aeroflot